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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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GO                                               KBISHKA  AT
and said to l^anda :a Th forests where we tend our cattle cinster ronnd the
foot of the faiU% and it is the spirits of the hills that we ought rather to
worship. They can assume any shapes they please; and if we slight them, will
surely transform themselves into lions and wolves and destroy both us and our
herds." The people of Braj were convinced by these arguments, and taking
all the rich gifts they had prepared, set out for Gobardhan, where they solemnly
circumambulated the mountain and presented their offerings to the new divi-
tity. Krishna himself, in the character of the mountain gods, stood forth on
the highest peak and accepted the adoration of the assembled crowd, while a
fictitious image in his own proper person joined humbly in the ranks of the
When Indra saw himself thas defrauded of the promised sacrifice, he was
very wrath, and summoning the clouds from every quarter of heaver^ bid them
all descend upon Braj ia one fearful and unbroken torrent In an instant
the sky was overhung with impenetrable gloom, and it was only by the vivid"
flashes of lightning that the terrified herdsmen could see their houses and cattle
beaten down and swept away by the irresistible deluge. The ruin was but
for a moment ; with one hand Krishna uprooted the mountain from its base>
and balancing it on the tip of his finger called all the people under its cover.
There they remained secure for seven days and nights and the storms of In- -
dm beat harmlessly on the summit of the uplifted range : while Krishna stood
erect and smilmgj nor once did his finger tremble beneath the weight. When
Indra, found his passion fruitless, the heavens again became clear ; the people
of Braj stepped forth from under Gobardhan, and Krishna quietly restored it
to its original site. Then Indra, moved with desire to behold and worship the
incarnate god? mounted his elephant Ainkvata and descended upon the plains of
Braj. There he adored Krishna in his humble pastoral guise, and saluting
him by the new titles of Upendra* and Gobind placed tinder his special
protection his own son the hero Arjnn^ who had then taken birth at Indra-
prastha in tbe family of Panda,
* The title Upauira was evidently conferred upon Krishna before the fall development of
the Y&SslrnaTO Sckl ; for however Pauriolk writers may attempt to explain it, tbe only graui-
xnscical meaning of the compound is a lesser India.* As Krishna lias long been considered
mneh the greater god of the two, the title has fallen into disrepute and is mow seldom used.
Similarly with * Gobind*; its true meaning is not, as implied IE the text, * the Indra of cows/
but simply * & finder* or * tender of COVE/ from the root * trirf/ The Hindus themselves prefer to
explain Upendia as meaning simply Indra's younger brother,* Vlsimn, in the dwarl incaraatio%
bom as the son of Kasyapag vho was also Indra31 father*